Besides the most popular independent innovation in

2022-08-20
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The new subsidy standards have introduced more detailed requirements for the energy density of power batteries of passenger cars, passenger cars and logistics vehicles, requiring independent innovation: in addition to investment, it is also necessary to protect

Premier Wen Jiabao said in the government work report that the central government will allocate 113.4 billion yuan of science and technology expenditure this year, an increase of 13.4 billion yuan over the previous year; Improve and implement policies to support independent innovation, give full play to the role of enterprises as the main body of technological innovation, and encourage and guide enterprises to increase R & D investment; Strengthen the support of government procurement for independent innovative products; Expand the pilot scope of venture capital; Implement intellectual property strategy; Strengthen international scientific and technological cooperation. This is undoubtedly an important "positive" to accelerate the process of promoting independent innovation

in recent years, China's scientific and technological investment has increased significantly year by year, with an average increase of 20.06% over the past five years. In 2007, China's research and experimental development expenditure was 366.4 billion yuan, 2.41 times that of 2003. The continuous improvement of the scale and intensity of science and technology investment has injected strong impetus into the sustainable development of science and technology

in 2007, among domestic invention patent applications and authorizations, enterprise applications and enterprise authorizations accounted for 48.3% and 40.2% respectively, an increase of 2.1% and 3.6% respectively compared with the previous year. In the past 7 years, there have been domestic invention patents. 5) antenna defects or damage caused by non material or processing problems; In the application, the proportion of enterprises has increased from 30% to nearly 50%; In the domestic invention patent authorization, the proportion of enterprises increased from 20% to 40%. A number of advantageous enterprises with main intellectual property rights that are expected to be officially put into operation in the first half of this year have gradually formed, and a large number of invention patent achievements have been successfully transformed. By continuously promoting independent innovation and structural adjustment, the majority of enterprises have made a fundamental change in product structure

however, the development of independent innovation in China is sometimes hampered by inadequate protection of the interests of innovators. On the one hand, the achievements of independent innovation are not widely recognized, resulting in the situation of "products without sales". Liu Yu, vice chairman of the China Association for science and technology, proposed that the 1780mm tandem cold rolling production line, one of the five independent innovation achievements in the history of Anshan Iron and Steel Co., Ltd., except for Jinan Iron and Steel Co., Ltd., which dared to use, other enterprises would rather import similar equipment from abroad at a high price than buy the production line of Anshan Iron and Steel Co., Ltd. How to improve the use and purchase intention of enterprises? Of course, this depends on the quality of China's independent innovative products, but also needs the protection and support of the corresponding national policies

on the other hand, the situation is just the opposite. When a widely considered effective and feasible technology realizes independent invention, the achievements of independent innovators are often "free" to promote, or completely occupied by foreign countries. At the two sessions, a member of the scientific and technological circles said that in 1999, the relevant government departments had repeatedly sought an enterprise, saying that foreign countries were unwilling to export ocean going golden spear fishing vessels to China, and hoped that the company could develop such vessels. Although it did not provide funds, it could give the research results a five-year protection period. The enterprise invested a lot of money, developed China's first ocean going golden spear fishing boat in 2000, and applied for more than 20 patents. At the same time, Japan lifted the ban on the export of ocean going golden spear fishing vessels after learning that China could produce such vessels. China's Fisheries Department signed a purchase agreement with Japan, which made the independent innovation achievements of the enterprise lose the market, and the early scientific research investment could not be compensated

it can be seen that independent innovation can not be completed by enterprises alone, and the government needs to establish an appropriate protection system. In addition to increasing investment, how can we use mechanisms and systems to protect and encourage more people and enterprises to carry out independent innovation, promote the achievements of independent innovation more scientifically and reasonably, and make independent innovation embark on a virtuous cycle in the market economy environment? This is another major issue we need to solve

at the two sessions, many delegates and members unanimously proposed to promote the protection and promotion of independent innovation achievements with tax preferential policies and political performance evaluation, such as reducing income tax collection, tax deduction, and incorporating the achievements of independent innovation protection and promotion into political performance evaluation standards. At the same time, in terms of government procurement, they proposed to give enterprises corresponding support for the development and breakthrough of China's plastic extruder market

at the same time, the majority of private enterprises have also made great achievements in independent innovation. Such as Geely and Chery in the automotive field. Many private steel enterprises have also obtained a large number of technological achievements through independent innovation. This requires us to affirm and protect the independent innovation of private enterprises and create a fair competition market system

it can be said that independent innovation is a major strategic measure to improve China's comprehensive competitiveness, and increasing scientific and technological investment and using mechanisms and systems to protect independent innovation are directly related to the success or failure of China's independent innovation and its implementation effect. Therefore, we should also look at it from the perspective of thoroughly implementing the scientific concept of development, building an innovative country and improving the construction of national soft power

Premier Wen Jiabao pointed out in this year's government work report that we should adhere to the promotion of independent innovation as the central link in transforming the development mode, implement the outline of the national medium - and long-term scientific and technological development plan, and implement basic research, high-tech research and scientific and technological support plans; Strive to make breakthroughs in a number of major key technologies such as industrial and agricultural water conservation; Focus on building a number of national laboratories, national engineering centers, enterprise oriented innovation support platforms and enterprise technology centers, and strengthen the construction of basic scientific and technological capabilities; We will deepen the reform of the science and technology management system and coordinate and optimize the allocation of science and technology resources

we believe that with the strong support and policy guidance of the central government, the protection and promotion of the achievements of independent innovation will push the independent innovation of Chinese enterprises to a higher platform and make the development of independent innovation in China better and faster

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